篇名:
外來犬科動物人畜共通細菌性及原蟲性疾病血清抗體之監測Serological survey the bacterial and parasitic zoonotic diseases of canines animals which immigrated to Taiwan
作者:
黃淑敏*;黃春申;楊昀真;陳貞志;裴家騏;張惟茗
中文摘要:
針對台灣地區自國外輸入犬科動物血清,以酵素連結免疫吸附分析法(Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; ELISA)進行洛磯山斑疹熱(Rickettsia rickettsii;Rr)、犬艾利希體(Ehrlichia canis;Ec)、地中海斑點熱(Rickettsia conorii;Rc)、萊姆病(Borrelia burgdorferi;Bb)、萊姆病(Borrelia afzelii;Ba)及利什曼原蟲症(Leishmania donovani;Ld)等血清中IgG抗體之監測。結果顯示:居住都市之犬血清中Rr抗體陽性率為29.1%(32/110)、Ld為5.5%(6/110)、Ec為4.5%(5/110)、Rc為6.4%(8/110)、Bb為0.9%(1/110)、Ba為3.6%(4/110)。居住於山區鄉村之犬血清中Rr抗體陽性率為0%、Ld為0.6%(1/179)、Ec為5.8%(10/179)、Rc為0.6%(1/179)、Bb為1.8%(3/179)、Ba為1.2%(2/179)。自國外輸入之犬血清中Rr抗體陽性率為15.5%(22/141)、Ld為14.8%(21/141)、Ec為 21.1%(30/141)、Rc為10.6%(15/141)、Bb為5.6%(8/141)、Ba為14.1 %(20/141)。抗體力價分析結果顯示:抗體檢測為陽性檢體其抗體力價大都高於1024倍。此外,以流產布氏桿菌(Brucella abortus)及犬布氏桿菌(Brucella canis)之全菌抗原及補體試驗確認所有犬科動物之血清抗體,其結果皆為陰性。由上述結果顯示,自國外境外輸入之犬隻其人畜共通細菌性疾病之抗體盛行率普遍高於國內目前居住於都市及鄉村之犬隻,此結果可提供臨床獸醫師疾病診斷及第一線防疫人員作為疾病防疫政策之參考。
英文摘要:
This research focus the serological study on the prevalence of Rickettsia rickettsii (Rr), Ehrlichia canis(Ec), Rickettsia conorii (Rc), Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb), Borrelia afzelii (Ba) and Leishmania donovani (Ld) in canine animals which immigrated to Taiwan. Serum samples collected from three different areas. The dogs from the urban areas whose total prevalences were as the followings: Rr (29.1%), Ld (5.5%), Ec (4.5%), Rc (6.4%), Bb (0.9%) and Ba (3.6%). The dogs from rural areas whose total prevalences were as the followings: Rr (0%), Ld (0.6%), Ec (5.8%), Rc (0.6%), Bb (1.8%) and Ba (1.2%). The dogs from different foreign countries whose total prevalences were as the followings: Rr (15.5%), Ld (14.8%), Ec (21.1%), Rc (10.6%), Bb (5.6%) and Ba (14.1%). All the serum was detected by using the antigen of Brucella abortus, Brucella canis and complement fixation (CF) test to check Brucella spp infection and the results show negative. Using the Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to analyze the virus titers of the above-mentioned diseases, the results showed the titers were almost higher than 1024 dilution fold. This study indicates the dogs from the foreign countries whose diseases prevalences were higher than those from in domestic urban and rural areas, which can provide serological data that helps the clinical veterinarians and epidemic prevention workers to establish strategies to control the diseases.
備註:
年份:西元 2008 年
期別:第 43 期
附件下載:
附件名稱:
002
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