三聚氰胺對動物的危害
Toxicity of Melamine to Animals

作者:     李淑慧;許偉誠;張仁杰;?央昌;蔡國榮;莊為傑
中文摘要:     三聚氰胺(melamine)含高比例的氮原子,被人為添加在食品中以達成食品蛋白質含量較高的假象,造成嚴重的食品安全事故。本文蒐尋相關文獻探討三聚氰胺對動物之致病性,發現犬、貓及豬單獨攝入三聚氰胺其毒性都很低,但若同時攝入三聚氰酸(cyanuric acid)時則毒性增強,可造成瀰漫性腎小管結晶,進而繼發腎衰竭。禽類與反芻動物對三聚氰胺的感受性則較犬、貓為低。世界衛生組織(WHO)於三聚氰胺的毒理學專家會議已證實三聚氰胺會從污染的飼料移轉到動物組織、乳品與蛋中,雖有研究指出三聚氰胺在豬肉之殘留時間甚短,但其他畜產品之殘留資料闕如,因此監控飼料中是否含有三聚氰胺,實為維護人畜健康之重要課題。
英文摘要:     Literature has demonstrated that toxicity of melamine to dogs, cats and pigs is very low when melamine alone is added in the diet. However, the toxicity increases when animals are fed with a diet containing melamine and cyanuric acid. These compounds will cause the formation of diffuse crystals in kidney tubules which may subsequently induce renal failure. The susceptibility of poultry and ruminants to melamine is much lower. Moreover, transferring of melamine in contaminated feeds to animal tissues, milk products, and eggs has been confirmed. Previous research efforts have revealed that the duration of melamine residue in pork is very short. The residual duration of this material in other animal products is not yet available. Thus, monitoring of melamine in animal feed is vital for maintaining the health of human and animal.
備註:     年份:西元 2009 年
期別:第 44 期
 
附件名稱
三聚氰胺對動物的危害
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