篇名:
2004 年動物疾病診斷窗口病例分析報告Veterinary Service and Pathological Diagnostic Process for Animal Diseases in Taiwan in 2004
作者:
李淑慧;洪晢惇;黃天祥;張仁杰;蔡國榮;丁履紉;張國慧;鄭明珠;陳燕萍;李敏旭;王群;鍾明華;宋華聰
中文摘要:
應用臨床病理學、組織病理學、免疫組織化學染色技術、病原分離與配合流行病學等結果,診斷重要動物疾病以提供各級動物防疫機關進行必要之防疫措施。2004年完成動物疾病病理學病性鑑定及檢診服務病例數共計1,856例,其中包括944例草食動物疾病,240例豬病病例,452例家禽及非家禽鳥類病例,116例伴侶動物疾病及其他動物344例。452例家禽病例中自21戶養禽場及1場藍腹鷴繁殖場分離出H5N2亞型家禽流行性感冒低病原株,但綜合其臨床症狀及病理學變化,H5N2病毒非造成此波雞隻生病死亡之元兇,經診斷結果發現前述病例中有傳染性華氏囊病、骨髓白血病、雞馬立克病等病原潛伏感染,導致雞隻免疫力薄弱,在環境溫度的緊迫下,誘發慢性呼吸器病及大腸桿菌混合感染症。受檢豬病中發生率最高的為豬呼吸道疾病,分析其病原又以豬環狀病毒併發豬霍亂沙氏桿菌症之發生率最高。
英文摘要:
A total of 1,856 cases including 872 cattle cases, 377 poultry cases, 274 porcine cases, 105 dog cases, 75 birds, 71 goat cases, 54 fish cases, 14 shrimp cases, 9 mouse cases, and one individual case of clam, abalone, ferret and lizard were submitted to the Veterinary Service Laboratory for disease diagnosis, by the methods of pathology, immunohistochemistry, microbiology, electron microscopy and epidemiology, in 2004. Seventy five low pathogenic strains of avian influenza virus were isolated and identified, as H5N2 Subtype, from 21 chicken farms and one pheasant farm. The isolated H5N2 virus found in these cases were concluded not to be the major fatal causes. The immune defensiveness of the birds had been impaired by other pathogens, such as infectious bursal disease, myeloid leucosis, Marek’s diseases, etc., chronic respiratory disease and/ or colibacillosis were also commonly seen in most cases. In pig, porcine circovirus type 2 complicated with Salmonellosis (as Sal. cholerasuis) were frequently seen in most cases.
備註:
年份:西元 2004 年
期別:第 40 期
詳細內容:
隨著科技發達,交通便利,世界各國之交流往來頻繁,已朝無國界之國際村方向邁進,且我國為島嶼國家,許多重要傳染病可能會隨著走私之管道登陸。加上我國已經加入世界貿易組織,許多農畜產品將陸續開放進口,增加疾病入侵之風險,進而可能危及人畜之公共衛生與健康。最近數十年來,許多傳染病陸續由國外侵入,為確保本土畜牧產業之永續經營,本計畫擬應用臨床病理學、組織病理學、免疫組織化學、電子顯微鏡學、病原分離與配合流行病學等結果,進行動物疾病病性鑑定及檢診服務,以提供各級動物防疫機關進行必要之防疫措施,將成果詳述如後:
附件下載:
附件名稱:
2004 年動物疾病診斷窗口病例分析報告
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