篇名:
2007年度養雞場藥品使用與產銷履歷觀念調查報告An Investigation Report for the Status of Animal Drug Use in Poultry Farms and Their Understanding of Traceability System
作者:
葉修如*;張家禎;許天來
中文摘要:
為了解養雞戶對產銷履歷政策及動物用藥品使用的觀念,2007年度選取10戶養雞場進行實地訪查,及51戶養雞場進行問卷調查。調查結果顯示,在受訪者的瞭解程度部分,大多數的受訪者雖然聽過產銷履歷制度,但是對於其推動目的及內容並不是非常瞭解(78.5%),顯示政府相關單位雖然積極在推行產銷履歷制度,但是尚未全面普及。在獲得訊息的管道部分,受訪者大多係由大眾傳播媒體(45.5%)及政府農業機關(50.0%)獲得訊息,有 93% 以上受訪者皆認同產銷履歷的推動,是健全雞肉食用安全的有效方法。對於加入產銷履歷可以達到的效果,受訪者多認同在用藥管理與疾病防治控管、發生食品安全性事故時之追溯、提高消費者對雞肉品質的信心,以及市場價格提升方面,是具有效果的,正向回答的受訪者比例極高,唯在降低生產成本提高品質方面,受訪者的同意程度就有明顯的落差,有 26.7% 的受訪者不同意產銷履歷推動可以達到降低生產成本提高品質的效果。至於動物用藥品之使用,受訪者皆表示依法使用動物用藥品,對於藥物濫用及藥物殘留之問題,受訪者多建議應落實執行查驗工作,以扼止不肖業者之非法行為,對於查獲非法使用藥品或發生藥物殘留問題者應給予重罰,並追溯藥品銷售之源頭及銷售通路,才能確實掌握藥物殘留問題的根源。本調查之結果與建議,可做為對養雞戶推廣產銷履歷與動物用藥品正確使用之參考。
英文摘要:
For investigation of the status of animal drug use in poultry farms and their related understanding of traceability system, ten poultry farms with on-site investigation and 51 with mailing questionnaire investigation, are sampled for this study in 2007. In terms of understanding traceability system extended by agricultural sector, the results indicate that 78.5% of farms are still classified into the group of not well understanding, even all the sampled poultry producers already knowing the term, and this indicates that more intensive extension will be needed for implementing of traceability adoption in poultry products. The information sources of poultry producers about traceability come mostly both from public mass media, representing 45.5% of responding farms, and from agricultural government sector, representing 50.0%. Traceability adoption is generally recognized to be implemented in poultry products by 93.0% of poultry producers, and it is realized as well that the adoption of traceability system firmly supporting food safety in an effective way. In high proportion of responding farms, they are clearly understanding that traceability system provides positive benefits to such as: management of animal drug use, animal disease control and prevention, tracing back of food accidents, increase of consumer product confidence and product market prices. On the contrary, as the aspect whether traceability adoption lowering production cost and upgrading product quality concurrently, a 26.7% responding farms hold the opposite opinion, and this indicates that implementation cost is one of key factors affecting traceability adoption. Regarding to animal drug use in poultry farms investigated, most of responding farms express that they use animal drugs in a way according to acts and regulations, but they also emphasize that law enforcement activities are important to prevent producers from illegal use of animal drugs. Some of measures of law enforcement are recognized as the effective ways for lowering drug residue risk, which includ such as: strict penalty of violators of illegal drug use and residual cases and tracing back to origins of drug suppliers. In general, this report addresses current status of poultry farms’ animal drug use related to poultry product traceability, and some suggestions being made are expected for reference to those who involve in plan implementation of traceability system in Taiwan poultry industry.
備註:
年份:西元 2004 年
期別:第 40 期
附件下載:
附件名稱:
009
行政院農業委員會家畜衛生試驗所版權所有
服務信箱:info@mail.nvri.gov.tw
Tel:0800-068112、02-26212111
FAX:02-2622-5345

免責聲明
 新北市淡水區中正路376號